Problem Skin In Adulthood: The Causes & Treatments
Problem skin may seem like a teenage problem but it still occurs post adolescence. Acne in adulthood is an issue can affect both your self-esteem and confidence. Problem skin and acne in adulthood is caused by the same thing as teenage acne: blocked pores. Pores are small holes in the skin that are connected to the oil glands beneath the skin surface by a passage called the follicle. Through the follicles, oil carries dead skin cells to the surface of the skin. However, if both the follicle and the pores clog up, a pimple then emerges.
Causes and treatments
A hormonal imbalance can lead to acne as the altering hormone levels increase sebum production and this then leads to breakouts. If your acne flares up during your ovulation or menstrual cycles then it is most likely due to your hormones, especially if the pimples are placed along the lower part of your face- cheekbones and jawline. Deciding to get off contraceptives can also lead to breakouts.
According to Dr. Schultz, a leading dermatologist practicing in New York City, stress can also contribute to hormonal acne. Stress hormones in the body are bound to the receptors in the sebaceous glands. When stressed,our adrenal glands produce the hormone cortisol to help us cope. As cortisol is released, a small bit of testosterone leaks into the blood. This leak then increases the production of sebum.
If your acne is hormone related, the best remedy would be balance out the hormones in your system. Contraceptives help clear away acne as the ingredients they contain alter hormone levels. However, hormonal therapy should not be the single solution as not everyone is viable for it. If you are pregnant or looking to be, have a personal history of breast cancer, have abnormal vaginal bleeding and high blood pressure then hormonal therapies should not be part of your treatment.
According to Dr. Schultz, foods causing breakouts is more of a subjective argument as there is yet to be a study that proves a specific diet flares up problem skin. Chocolate might cause acne in some but not others. However, he does advise that we be conscious of how much iodine and sugar we consume. Sugar raises insulin levels and insulin triggers testosterone in the body. By following a healthy diet, both your skin and health will reap the benefits.
Acne can also be a side effect from any medication you may be taking or simply a sign of an underlying medical condition. Consult your doctor in both cases.
Lastly, when the skin comes into contact with germs and bacteria, it faces breakouts and irritation. It is recommended that you learn to both regularly wash your pillowcase as well as clean and disinfect your cell phone screen.
- Product Choice and Application
The wrong skincare products can block pores so you need be conscious of the ingredients they contain. Opt for water-based or non-comedogenic cleansers as opposed to rich and greasy products. Also, cleansing your face too often can dry out your skin which causes it to overcompensate by producing more oil. When shopping for products, look out for these specific ingredients;
Salicylic acid – also known as beta-hydroxyl acid. It gently exfoliates the skin by unclogging pores. It’s easily found in most cleaners and is kind to your skin.
Benzoyl peroxide- not only exfoliates but kills the bacteria in the acne. However, because it’s so strong that it can dry out the skin, it’s best to use it as a spot-treatment.
Glycolic Acid and Vitamin A- They work in the same way when battling adult acne and they also help with wrinkles. By remove dead cells on surface, stimulating collagen and hyaluronic acid, they reduce the appearance of both pimples and wrinkles.
When dealing with pimples, resist the urge to pluck and prod at them because these actions not only generate more bacteria on the skin but they can also result in scarring and that is harder to get rid of than blemishes.
Moving Forward from problem skin
There is no overnight remedy when it comes to dealing with acne and this can be very frustrating. It is important to remain optimistic and consistent with whatever treatment you decide to use.
Want to know more about good skincare?
Whether it’s a result of a long work day or simply being too lazy, making a habit of going to bed with your make-up on can lead to serious skin concerns. Sleep provides our skin with the opportunity to renew itself yet the presence of makeup can hinder the renewal process. Moreover, the skin has to work even harder in order to repair itself.
Click here find out the potential effects of spending a night in bed with your make-up on.