Wrinkles, Crinkles And Lines: How To Fight Them

French dramatist Jean Racine once said: “Wrinkles on the brow are the imprints of exploits.” They are also a natural and inevitable part of the aging process –whether we accept them or not.

Every facial expression we show, every physical movement we make, requires a great deal of cooperation from both your skin and the muscles that lie beneath it. Eventually, as a rubber band loses its strength and elasticity with each use, can you expect the same thing to happen to your skin. Wrinkles are simply creases, folds or ridges that develop in your skin as it loses elasticity, hydration and density.

When to start keeping an eye out

There is no set age when people begin to develop wrinkles. Your genetics, lifestyle habits and environment are the fundamental factors you need to take into consideration.

“The exact age at which wrinkles form depends on many factors, but in countries such as South Africa, they often start appearing in your 20s. Sun exposure, skin type, lifestyle and muscle habits are all contributory factors,” says Dr Izolda Heydenrych, a dermatologist at the Cosmetic Dermatology Centre in Stellenbosch.

Some other important factors that can accelerate wrinkle formation include smoking, sugar consumption, dehydration, certain medication, and environmental conditions such as air pollution.wrinkles | Longevity LIVE

Taking action

When it comes to looking after your skin, there are many safe and effective protocols you can try. Most importantly, you need to find what works best for you. 

The simplest way to protect, nourish and revitalize your skin is with topical solutions. For an optimal outcome using this approach, look for products that contain some of these ingredients:

• Antioxidants;

• Retinoids (vitamin A derivatives);

• Fruit acids;

• Peptides;

• Stem cells; and

• Hyaluronic acid.

“To help fight fine lines and wrinkles, there are also a number of non-invasive treatments available,” says owner of Medisculpt and Anti-Aging Solutions, Dr Anushka Reddy. Click here to find out what foods are best for healthy skin.

The most effective treatments available today include:

• Botox injections, which decrease the lines visible on the forehead, the frown lines between the eyes, and the lines around the corners of the eyes;

• Chemical peels, which help to remove the superficial dead skin cells on your face, and

reveal the regenerated, smoother and stronger layers below; and

• Fillers, which help to plump and smooth any deep wrinkles you may have and give your skin more volume.

“If you have reached a point where facial lines are always there and you don’t want to live with persistent wrinkles, you might want to consider doing something about them,” says Dr Reddy.

However, surgery is a personal decision, and it may or may not be right for you. It is important to discuss your concerns with a good plastic surgeon beforehand. Click here to find out how ultrasounds can be used to fight wrinkles and fine lines.

It’s all about maintaining healthy skin

Including the fundamentals of good skincare in your daily routine from a young age is essential for inhibiting the development of wrinkles, especially from external accelerative factors.

Practising good sleeping habits, staying hydrated, eating foods rich in antioxidants and protecting your skin remain the pillars of prevention. Although there are many treatments available to help you to solve any issues you may already have, keeping your appearance youthful and healthy through your lifestyle choices is the most important first step you can take.

Did you know?

In South Africa, people tend to form more wrinkles on the right-hand side of their face, due to sun exposure while driving.