Infertility: You Could Be at Risk If You Experience These Signs

For the most part, infertility can be described as attempts to get pregnant through frequent intercourse for an extended period of time with no conception. Both men and women experience infertility and it affects millions of couples in the US. There are signs that men and women experience that can be an indicator of infertility.

The main and obvious indicator of infertility is not being able to conceive but there are other signs and symptoms that both men and women can look out for if they know that they want to have children together. Luckily today, with advancements in technology, infertility is not the end of the road.

There are fertility clinics that help millions of couples conceive with new opportunities for parenthood with great success rates. There are studies that show how your diet affects your fertility chances, while there are even theories that say chocolate may be the answer! The point is, if you’re experiencing infertility issues, you still have the opportunity to become parents. But if you and your partner know that children are in your future, be sure to pay attention to the signs and symptoms. If you’re experiencing these, talk to your doctor about them.

Risk Factors

  • Age: The amount and quality of a woman’s eggs decrease as she gets older. Once she hits her mid-30s, conception is more difficult. Because of that, she’s more at risk for miscarriages.
  • Sexual History: Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI’s) can cause damage to the Fallopian tubes. Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are STI’s that are very common and treatable but the longer they go undetected and untreated, the more you’re at risk for infertility issues.

  • Alcohol Intake: The amount of alcohol you ingest plays a role in infertility. Ultimately the goal would be to not drink when trying to conceive but if that’s not an option at the moment then try to consume only one alcoholic beverage per day.
  • Smoking: Smoking is a habit that you shouldn’t do at any point if you know you want to have children because it causes so much bodily damage. Smoking not only can damage your cervix and Fallopian tubes, but it also puts you at risk for miscarriages and ectopic pregnancies. Some theories even state that it can age your ovaries and diminish your eggs. You definitely want to quit before starting any type of IVF or other infertility treatments.

Infertility Signs in Women

Pain During Sex

If you experience pain during sex, it can be a sign of another health problem that affects a woman’s fertility. Some underlying health issues that have the potential to cause pain during sex include:

  • Infections
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis

Menstrual Cycles That are Painful, Heavy, and Long

Every woman’s menstrual cycle is different. Some women’s cycle comes right on time like clockwork while other women’s cycle never comes at the same time each month. Women who experience heavy or painful periods could be showing tell-tale signs of endometriosis, which is a definite factor in infertility.


The National Center for Biotechnology Information found that obesity plays a role in infertility. So if you know that you want to have children, preparation is key. Meaning that you want to make sure you’re in good health physically to prevent any weight issues.

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Infertility Signs in Men

Erectile Dysfunction (ED)

If you have issues maintaining an erection, it can definitely be a sign of an underlying issue, especially if it becomes a frequent issue during sex. This can be quite frustrating for both you and your partner because not only are you able to maintain an erection but it can decrease the mood too.

The thing about trying to conceive is that when you’re “trying” so often, it can begin to feel like a chore and that can take a toll on a man too so your mental state plays a role as well.

Ejaculation Issues

Men having problems being able to ejaculate or even a change in the amount of ejaculate can be a sign relating to infertility issues. So it’s important that you pay attention to the amount of sperm you ejaculate

Testicular Changes

If you notice any changes in your testicles, you want to talk to a doctor about those changes. The health of your testicles plays a vital role in fertility. If you notice that your testicles are small or feel tight, that can be a sign of hormonal issues. Now, if your testicles appear to be swollen or tender to the touch, there’s a chance you’re suffering from an infection and need to see a doctor immediately. It can affect the quality of your sperm and your fertility.

Want to know more?

Myths, revolving fertility and infertility are varied, colorful, ridiculous, and sometimes terrifying as any other old wives tale. And let’s be honest – the topic itself can be scary on its own. That said, click here to read more about some common myths relating to infertility, which we set out to debunk.