RIP Robin Williams: a struggle with depression
We have lost one of the greatest actors of all time, considered the epitome of happiness and humour. And yet the life he lived in many of his award-winning films was the complete opposite to the dark one he lead in real life.
Robin Williams was pronounced dead at 12h02 on Monday, 11 August, at his home in Tiburon in California.
According to police in Marin County, Williams was found “unconscious and not breathing” just before midday and was pronounced dead on scene. Emergency personal were summoned by a 911 call. An official investigation into the cause of the death is underway, however, according to initial reports out of the Sheriff’s Office Coroner Division, death is suspected to be “suicide due to asphyxia”. A forensic examination is scheduled for some time today.
Williams’ publicist Mara Buxbaum has been quoted as saying that Williams, “has been battling with severe depression of late. This is a tragic and sudden loss.”
Williams’ wife commented on the tragedy: “This morning, I lost my husband and my best friend, while the world lost one of its most beloved artists and beautiful human beings. I am utterly heartbroken. On behalf of Robin’s family, we are asking for privacy during our time of profound grief. As he is remembered, it is our hope the focus will not be on Robin’s death, but on the countless moments of joy and laughter he gave to millions.”
Depression is one of the most common forms of mental illness and yet the topic of depression still has a lot of stigma attached to it. Why is it acceptable for us to seek medical advice when we feel sick, but people seem to frown upon those who seek help for a mental illness? Major depression is a disease that impacts approximately 5% of people globally. For over 30 years, scientists believed that monoamines – which are mood-related chemicals such as serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine – are low in the brain during major depressive episodes. This study by the Canadian-based Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), was published in the November Archives of General Psychiatry.
Dr Jeffrey Meyer investigated whether brain monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) — an enzyme that breaks down chemicals like serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine – was higher in those with untreated depression. The results showed that in major depression MAO-A was significantly higher in every brain region that the scientists investigated. On average, MAO-A was 34% higher.
Signs and symptoms of depression include:
- Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness. A bleak outlook — nothing will ever get better and there’s nothing you can do to improve your situation.
- Loss of interest in daily activities. No interest in former hobbies, pastimes, social activities, or sex. You’ve lost your ability to feel joy and pleasure.
- Appetite or weight changes. Significant weight loss or weight gain — a change of more than 5% of body weight in a month.
- Sleep changes. Either insomnia, especially waking in the early hours of the morning, or oversleeping.
- Anger or irritability. Feeling agitated, restless, or even violent. Your tolerance level is low, your temper short, and everything and everyone gets on your nerves.
- Loss of energy. Feeling fatigued, sluggish, and physically drained. Your whole body may feel heavy, and even small tasks are exhausting or take longer to complete.
- Self-loathing. Strong feelings of worthlessness or guilt. You harshly criticise yourself for perceived faults and mistakes.
- Reckless behavior. You engage in escapist behavior such as substance abuse, compulsive gambling, reckless driving, or dangerous sports.
- Concentration problems. Trouble focusing, making decisions, or remembering things.
- Unexplained aches and pains. An increase in physical complaints such as headaches, back pain, aching muscles, and stomach pain.
If you, or someone you know has any or all of these symptoms contact the South African Depression and Anxiety Group for assistance. Visit www.sadag.org, or call SADAG Mental Health Line 011 234 4837, Suicide Crisis Line 0800 567 567 or SMS 31393. Help is at hand.
Written by Samantha Parrish