5 Ways To Effectively Protect Your Family From Infections
Infections are a host of acute to chronic diseases that are caused by viruses, pathogenic bacteria, parasitic organisms or moulds of fungi. They are caused when a pathogenic foreign body – a germ or a causative organism – enters the body and multiplies until it interferes with the homeostasis of the entire system. In response to this action, your immune system is signalled by receptors scattered all over your body, mediating an immediate reaction to the foreign trigger.
While some infections are mild to moderate, circumstances such as the unavailability of adequate healthcare and resistance to antimicrobial drugs can lead to possible morbidity and fatality. While some infections are primary in their setting – for instance, malaria and dengue – others can complicate pre-existing conditions such as pneumonia, diabetic foot etc. to cause sepsis and eventually, death.
While vaccines and colostrum-acquired antibodies aren’t enough for protecting you against the vengeance of hostile infections, we have mentioned 5 ways that will not only protect your prodigy, but your entire family against a vigorous endemic.
1. Teach & Practice Good Hygiene
Most bacterial pathogens cause infections through the airborne or waterborne route. Infections are contagious and spread from one person to the other through contact with body fluids from various passages of the body such as the nose, ears, mouth, anus and genitals.
To prevent and block organisms from entering your body, take simple measures as encouraging good hygiene practices throughout the day. Make sure that you wash your hands after tending to your bathroom rituals or chores such as gardening and dusting. Wash your hands before and after having your food – according to the W.H.O protocol, for cleansing and rinsing through.
Make sure you use paper towels or tissues to cover your mouth and nose from spreading infections during coughing or sneezing. In case of a paper cut or a bruise on your skin, cover the area with a bandage after consulting a doctor.
Wash your kitchen utensils and don’t share them with anyone who has an illness. It is advisable to not use utensils or personal toiletries with anyone in the household to avoid contact of surfaces.
2. Engage In Healthy Travel Practices
Consult your doctor at least three months prior to traveling, in order to prevent yourself from contracting a disease in endemic areas. Check your immunization schedule regularly and get your shots.
Carry an insect repellent containing DEET to tropical regions since malaria, dengue and yellow fever are easily contractible.
Drink filtered water, especially those that have a sealed cap and don’t share with anyone else. Make sure you consume food that’s been cooked properly or vegetables that have been rinsed thoroughly with filtered or boiled water. Make sure that your family consumes milk that’s been pasteurized. Brush your teeth with boiled water instead of swallowing tap water.
3. Ensure Safe Blood Transfusions – Especially when travelling
Avoid getting tattoos or blood transfusions abroad, since needles and syringes can be infected with Hepatitis B or C or HIV as well. In situations where you might need to acquire blood urgently, check the donor’s status before consenting to the transfusion.
In lieu of emergencies – especially abroad – ensure a double check on syringes and the donor’s blood profile before getting poked by a needle for a transfusion. Even if you’re going for a routine test, make sure that your healthcare official double checks the syringes and uses new needles even after poking you once.
Also make sure that the official discards used syringes and needles in their assigned boxes as per W.H.O criteria for maximum safety within and outside a hospital. Make sure that your hospital encourages hygiene and safe handling practices even during emergencies.
Always opt for a reputable, tertiary insured hospital that provides authentic and safe services. Your hospital should know when and how to cater to emergency and urgency situations. If you want to determine whether ER or urgent care offers state-of-the-art facilities to patients, here are a few things to note for prompt care:
4. Handle Food Safely in Your Household
Ensure good food-safety techniques while preparing or keeping food away in your household as well. Consider paper packaging for wrapping your food before you place them in plastic containers for freezing overnight.
Before handling raw meat, make sure you wash it thoroughly and that too, while wearing a pair of gloves. Dispose of the gloves to avoid using them again. Make sure you wash your hands and cover your head before cooking food in order to avoid any microbes or organisms from creeping into the pans.
Cook meat according to the meat thermometer to ensure maximum safety from infections and fish should be deep fried until its opaque.
Ensure Safe Sexual Intercourse
Monogamy is safe, since there is exchange of body fluids only with a single partner. Polygamy on the other hand, might need several precautions and tests to ensure that your partners don’t carry STDs or HIV as some infections can lead to cancer if aggressive and left untreated or undiagnosed.
For safe sexual intercourse with multiple partners, consider using a latex or polyurethane condom for the prevention of STDs.
In addition to the afore-mentioned prerogatives, check your neighborhood and avoid littering or disposing raw food material as it might harbor infections. Make sure that your pet’s vaccinated and healthy as well. Try to stay indoors during peak hours of mosquito activity or consider taking this case to the Environment Protection Agency for immediate removal of infestation.
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